New git commands: git switch & git restore!

2020-07-08

For a long time, I was working with SVN as my default version control system. I liked it a lot for its clear syntax.

When I switched to the git, I was surprised how overloaded the checkout sub-command really is:

— You need to switch to another branch? Use git checkout.

— You need to revert modifications made to files? Use git checkout.

In SVN you have separate commands for each of these tasks.

Starting with git 2.23 we have new sub-commands to address this:

  • git switch to switch between branches
  • git restore to undo all modifications made

I'm sure this new syntax will be a great help for newcomers from SVN. Consider this new workflow. Extremely clear to me!

[email protected] MINGW64 ~/go/src/github.com/cybertec-postgresql/pg_timetable (master)
$ git switch docker-tests
Switched to branch 'docker-tests'
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/docker-tests'.

[email protected] MINGW64 ~/go/src/github.com/cybertec-postgresql/pg_timetable (docker-tests)
$ rm README.md

[email protected] MINGW64 ~/go/src/github.com/cybertec-postgresql/pg_timetable (docker-tests)
$ git status
On branch docker-tests
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/docker-tests'.

Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add/rm <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
        deleted:    README.md

no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")

[email protected] MINGW64 ~/go/src/github.com/cybertec-postgresql/pg_timetable (docker-tests)
$ git restore README.md

[email protected] MINGW64 ~/go/src/github.com/cybertec-postgresql/pg_timetable (docker-tests)
$ git status
On branch docker-tests
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/docker-tests'.
nothing to commit, working tree clean

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